Submitted to: Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/1/2005
Publication Date: 3/7/2005
Citation: Nicklas, T., Ranganathan, R., Yang, S., Berenson, G.S. 2005. Secular trends in children’s sweetened beverage consumption: The Bogalusa Heart Study. Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 19(5):A1025. Interpretive Summary: AN INTERPRETIVE SUMMARY IS NOT REQUIRED.
Technical Abstract: Information on food and nutrient intake was derived from a single 24-hour dietary recall collected on 1548 10-year-old children who participated in one of seven cross-sectional surveys. Cochran-Armitage Trend Test was applied to examine the trends in sweetened beverage consumption by 10-year-olds over a 21-year period. The percentage of children consuming sweetened beverages significantly decreased from 83% (1973) to 81% (1994) (p<0.05), particularly consumption of soft drinks (p<0.01) and coffee with sugar (p<0.0001). However, the mean gram amount of tea with sugar consumed significantly increased (p<0.0001) with no changes in the mean gram amount of fruit drinks, soft drinks and coffee with sugar consumed. When comparing tertiles of sweetened beverage consumption over time, the mean gram consumption significantly increased from 1973-1994 for those children who were in the medium (p<0.001) to high (p<0.0001) tertiles. Mean BMI significantly increased (p<0.001) from 1973 to 1994 in the children within all of the sweetened beverage consumption groups. Total energy intake was significantly higher in the high-sweetened beverage consumption group compared to the other 3 sweetened beverage consumption groups. Children’s sweetened beverage consumption has changed over a 21-year period and there was no linear relationship between sweetened beverage consumption and BMI and total energy intake.