Submitted to: Journal Of The American Dietetic Association
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2004
Publication Date: 11/1/2004
Citation: Demory-Luce, D., Morales, M., Nicklas, T., Baranowski, T., Zakeri, I., Berenson, G. 2004. Changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 104(11):1684-91.
Interpretive Summary: Considerable changes occur in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood. Overall, there is a decrease in overall diet quality during this age transition. These results have important implications for intervention research trageting children and young adults. Dietetic professionals can play a vital role in helping to establish healthful food consumption patterns in children and young adults through educational efforts and behavioral interventions that emphasize the importance of consuming in moderation a variety of nutrient-dense foods.
Technical Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood. Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected on a longitudinal sample of young adults. Dietary intake data were collected on 246 young adults (70% European American, 30% African American) aged 19 to 28 years who participated in a previous cross-sectional survey when they were 10-year-olds. Descriptive statistics and linear mixed models adjusting for study time (age), sex, and ethnicity. Results show that in childhood, consumption of fruits/fruit juice and mixed meats (P =.05), desserts, candy, and milk (P =.0001) were greater than in young adulthood. Young adulthood consumption was greater for sweetened beverages, poultry and seafood (P =.001), salty snacks (P =.05), and beef (P =.01) compared to childhood. Milk consumption decreased, but the decrease was greater among males (P =.0001). Sweetened beverage consumption increased, but the increase was greater for European Americans (P =.0001). Candy consumption decreased, but the decrease was greater for African Americans (P =.05). In conclusions, changes occur in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood. Overall, there was a decrease in diet quality during this age transition. Understanding eating habits of children early in life is important for planning effective intervention strategies.