Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/20/2004
Publication Date: 1/31/2005
Citation: Brooks, W.S., Vaughn, M.E., Griffey, C.A., Price, A.M., Pridgen, T.M., Rohrer, W.L., Brann, D.E., Rucker, E.G., Behl, H.D., Sisson, W.L., Corbin, R.A., Kenner, J.C., Dunaway, D.W., Pitman, R.M., Premakumar, R., Livingston, D.P. 2005. Registration of 'price' barley. Crop Science. 45:791-792. Interpretive Summary: Barley is an important crop worldwide for animal feed and in the production of beer. This cultivar 'Price' is a high yielding, high test weight, lodging tolerant cultivars for animal feed.
Technical Abstract: 'Price' is a short awned, six rowed, hulled winter feed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) that was developed and released May 2002 by The Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station. Price barley was released to provide producers with a cultivar having high grain yield and test weight and improved straw strength and lodging tolerance. Price was derived from the cross 'Callao' (PI 592800)/SC830366 (1). The experimental line SC830366, derived from the cross 'McNair 601' (CIho 13644) /'Harrison'// 'Gembloux'/3/ 'Henry' (2, 3), was developed at Clemson University and selected as a parent from the 1988'1989 USDA-ARS Uniform Winter Barley Yield Nursery. The cross from which Price originated was made in spring 1990, and the F1 generation was grown in the field as a single 1.2-m headrow in 1991 to produce F2 seed. The population was advanced from the F2 to F4 generation using a modified bulk breeding method. Barley spikes were selected from the population in each segregating generation (F2-F4) on the basis of disease resistance, early maturity, short straw and desirable head type and size. Selected spikes were threshed in bulk, and the seed was planted in a 20.8-m2 block in the fall of each year. Spikes selected from the F4 bulk were threshed individually and sown in separate 1.2-m headrows. Price was derived from a single F4:5 headrow selected and harvested in bulk in 1995. The line was tested as entry 321 in non-replicated observation yield tests in 1996 and was designated VA96-44-321. In addition to high grain yield and test weight, Price was selected on the basis of earliness of head emergence, short plant height and good straw strength.