Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/3/2004
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Systemic measures are those taken from the animal which are a result of the additive and subtractive contributions of the entire variable being measured. For instance, systemic blood pressure is the result of the pressure in all the vessels of the body from the aorta to the vena cava. Similarly hormones measured in the circulating blood are a result of all hormone being cleared and produced in the entire body at that time in which it is measured.