Submitted to: Journal of Nutrition
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/20/2001
Publication Date: 5/20/2001
Citation: Bier, D.M., Finley, D. 2001. Innovative non- or minimal invasive technologies for health monitoring and nutritional status in mothers and young children. Journal of Nutrition. Interpretive Summary: Not required.
Technical Abstract: Considerable progress has been made in the ability to assess human nutritional status via new technologies. Many public and private laboratories in the United States are using methods that will greatly improve the medical community's ability to identify potential disease states earlier in their development and to assess appropriate personal interventions over the next decade and beyond. These methods come from a multitude of scientific disciplines posing the added challenge of communication across disciplines. To the extent that communication across scientific disciplines can be focused on these new possibilities, this communication promises to speed development, maximized effectiveness of measurement strategies, gain complex acceptances and approvals and finally gain application in field environments. The agenda for this symposium was the work of the Children's Nutrition Research Center of Baylor College of Medicine, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and staff from Agriculture Research Service and the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Initial ideas for agenda items included a broad range of topics, such as breath test for gastrointestinal function; dietary intake; urinary analytes; gene array chips for nutritional status correction; scans for organ function and for muscle actions; hemoglobin, blood sugar, cardiovascular function via echocardiogram and ultrasound; serum triglyceride-rich lipoproteins via brachial artery ultrasound; body composition methods; physical maturity scales relating to bone density; physical activity measurement via accelerometers, biomarkers of food intake behavior; computerized methods for validation of food intake, fetal metabolism and anemia studies; essential fatty acid status and buccal smears; hormonal status; micronutrient statues such as iron, vitamin A, folate and iodine; and antibody measures for intake or exposure to proteins.