Submitted to: Journal of Perinatology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/18/2004
Publication Date: 8/16/2001
Citation: Kalhan, S., Bier, D.M., Yaffe, S., Catz, C., Grave, G. 2001. Protein/amino acid metabolism and nutrition in very low birth weight infants. Journal of Perinatology. Interpretive Summary: Not required for a review article.
Technical Abstract: A large number of studies in recent years have described protein and nitrogen metabolism in the neonate. However, the majority of these data are difficult to interpret because of a number of confounding variables, particularly in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. In contrast, application of state-of-the-art tracer isotopic and molecular biology methods in isolated cell system and whole animals has resulted in major advances in our understanding of the regulation of protein breakdown, synthesis, and protein accretion. The following workshop summary reviews the recent developments in basic physiology of protein metabolism in cellular and animal models in relation to human preterm infants, and identifies the important areas toward which future basic and clinical research should be directed to provide for optimal nitrogen accretion and growth of the VLBW infant.