Submitted to: Immunology
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/7/2003
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: We have characterized the nitric oxide (NO) induction by CpG oligodeoxydinucleotide (CpG-ODN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in an avian macrophage cell line (HD11) and evaluated signal transduction pathways by using selective inhibitors. Our results indicate while CpG-ODN and LPS both stimulate inducible NO synthase (iNOS) to produce NO through common signaling pathways involving activation of protein kinase C (PKC), mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK and MEK1/2) and transcription factor NF-kappaB; CpG-ODN inducing NO production distinctively requires a clathrin-dependent endocytosis and subsequent endosomal maturation. Inhibitors of clathrin-dependent endocytosis such as monodansylcadaverine and hyperosmolar sucrose completely abolished CpG-ODN stimulated NO production by HD11 cells, but has no or less effect on LPS induced NO production. The endosomal maturation is also critical for stimulation of NO induction by CpG-ODN, but not by LPS. Our findings are the first to demonstrate cellular signalling pathways that mediate CpG-ODN immunostimulatory activity in cells from non-mammalian species.