Submitted to: 2003 Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/6/1999
Publication Date: 1/4/2000
Citation: YU, J., KOHEL, R.J., DONG, J., DECANINI, L.I. TOWARD POSITIONAL CLONING OF A MAJOR GLANDLESS GENE IN COTTON. PROCEEDINGS OF BELTWIDE COTTON CONFERENCES. 2000. V. 1. P. 516-517.
Technical Abstract: Cotton(Gossypium spp.)is not only the leading natural fiber crop, but also an excellent source of oil and protein that are stored in its seed. Cotton breeders have an opportunity to exploit and manipulate many thousands of genes in this important field crop. We report some of our work that is related to the mapping and isolation of a major glandless gene. Regular cottonseed has a high number of dark-colored glands containing toxic gossypol which are primarily responsible for a quality disadvantage. A major co-dominant gene, Gl2**e, was introduced from an Egyptian cotton "Bahtim 110" to Texas Marker No. 1(TM-1). Cottons with this gene produce no glands containing gossypol. Linkage between this gene and DNA markers on chromosome 12 has been established via bulked segregants analysis(BSA) of an F2 population derived from a cross between the TM-1 NILs (with and without Gl2**e). The nearest marker is 1.9 cM away from the Gl2**e gene. To isolate genes in cotton via positional cloning, high-quality libraries are needed that are comprised of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)clones containing large cotton DNA inserts. Recently, we have constructed such a BAC library from a Gl2**e-BV6 nearly isogenic line (NIL) of G. hirsutum acc. TM-1. The total number of BAC clones is 115,200, covering 7X haploid genome equivalents. The average size of DNA inserts is 143 Kb, with a range of 90 Kb to 210 Kb. The BAC library currently is being screened with the closest markers for the isolation of the Gl2**e gene to engineer the glandless cottonseed, and for the development of additional DNA markers around the Gl2**e locus from a fingerprinted contig of the positive BAC clones. Tightly linked DNA markers would lead to the eventual cloning of the Gl2**e gene to eliminate gossypol in cottonseed, while retaining glands in other parts of the cotton plant.