Location: Vegetable Research
Project Number: 6080-22000-031-030-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Aug 1, 2023
End Date: Jul 31, 2024
To identify sources of resistance in watermelon and other cucurbits (cucubmer, Squash etc) to biotic (diseases) and abiotic (saline water) stress.
Biotic stress including diseases suchas Phytophthora crown and fruit rot, powdery mildew etc. are know to reduce yield and and abiotic stress such as saline water intrusion, cold, and ozone are known to reduce yield and quality of vegetable crops including watermelon, cucumber, squash and other cucurbits. Experiments will be conducted to determine resistance in watermelon germplasm and recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations for biotic stress including powdery mildew and Phytophthora fruit rot. Techniques for phenotyping watermelon and other cucurbits to biotic stress have been well developed and described in many research manuscripts and these will be used. Similarly experiments will be conducted to determine tolerance to saline water in the cucumber core collection maintained by ARS at the Plant Genetic Resources and Conservation Unit (PGRCU) at Ames, Iowa. Genotype data for the RIL lines will be developed by whole genome resequencing (WGRS) of the individual lines (20X). Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) and WGRS data is avaialble for the core collection of watermelon, cucumber and many other cucurbits is available with the cucubit genomics datatbase (CuGenDB). Genome wide association mapping (GWAS) will be conducted to identify potential markers associated with resistance to biotic and abiotic factors.