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Research Project: Conservation and Utilization of Temperate-Adapted Fruit, Nut, and Other Specialty Crop Genetic Resources

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository

Title: Influence of organic plant breeding on the rhizosphere microbiome of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

item PARK, HAYLEY - Oregon State University
item NEBERT, LUCAS - Oregon State University
item King, Ryan
item BUSBY, POSY - Oregon State University
item MYERS, JAMES - Oregon State University

Submitted to: Frontiers in Plant Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/2/2023
Publication Date: 10/25/2023
Citation: Park, H.E., Nebert, L., King, R., Busby, P., Myers, J.R. 2023. Influence of organic plant breeding on the rhizosphere microbiome of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Frontiers in Plant Science. 14:1251919.

Interpretive Summary: We now recognize that plant genotype affects the assembly of its microbiome, which in turn, affects essential plant functions. The production system for crop plants also influences the microbiome composition, and as a result, we would expect to find differences between conventional and organic production systems. Plant genotypes selected in an organic regime may host different microbiome assemblages than those selected in conventional environments. We aimed to address these questions using recombinant inbred populations of snap bean that differed in breeding history.

Technical Abstract: Rhizosphere microbiomes of conventional and organic common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) were characterized within a long-term organic research site. The fungal and bacterial communities were distinguished using pooled replications of 16S and ITS amplicon sequences, which originated from rhizosphere samples collected between flowering and pod set. Bacterial communities significantly varied between organic and conventional breeding histories, while fungal communities varied between breeding histories and parentage. Within the organically-bred populations, a higher abundance of a plant-growth-promoting bacteria, Arthrobacter pokkalii, was identified. Conventionally-bred beans hosted a higher abundance of nitrogen-fixing bacteria that normally do not form functional nodules with common beans. Fungal communities in the organically derived beans included more arbuscular mycorrhizae, as well as several plant pathogens. The results confirm that the breeding environment of crops can significantly alter the microbiome community composition of progeny. Characterizing changes in microbiome communities and the plant genes instrumental to these changes will provide essential information about how future breeding efforts may pursue microbiome manipulation.