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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Livestock Issues Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #399947

Research Project: Environmental and Management Influences on Animal Productivity and Well-Being Phenotypes

Location: Livestock Issues Research

Title: Evaluating the influence of soybean meal and its bioactive functional compounds on nutrient utilization, fermentation, and gastrointestinal metabolites of nursery pigs

item BOWEN, BROOKE - Texas Tech University
item SASSER, CASSIDY - Texas Tech University
item Sanchez, Nicole
item Broadway, Paul
item Carroll, Jeffery - Jeff Carroll
item LEGAKO, JERRAD - Texas Tech University
item PETRY, AMY - Texas Tech University

Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science Supplement
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/5/2022
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Recently soybean meal (SBM) has garnered more attention due to its increased feeding value during periods of stress and improved bioavailable energy. However, the influence of the innate bioactive functional compounds in SBM and their influence on the microbiome and fermentation products are incompletely understood. Thus, the experimental objective was to investigate the mechanism of action of SBM and its bioactive compounds in the gastrointestinal tract of nursery pigs. Two replications of 18 barrows (8.12 ± 0.80 kg BW; PIC800 × Camborough; N=36), were randomly assigned to a dietary treatment of either a high SBM control (SBMC; 28.6%), a control void of SBM (SP), but included soy protein isolate and concentrate to provide amino acids from soy protein the same as SBM in SBMC; SP formulated to the same contribution and composition of isoflavones as SBMC (SP + ISO; 528 mg/kg of soy-isoflavones); SP diet fortified with soybean functional lipids of lecithin and phytosterols at similar level in SBMC (SP + LIP; 2.85 g/kg of functional lipids); SP formulated to the same contribution and ratio of insoluble to soluble fiber as SBM in SBMC (SP + FIB; 30 g/kg of soy fiber); or SP diet fortified with lunasin peptide at 3.81 g/kg (SP + LUN). Pigs were individually housed, and limit fed 2.5 times maintenance for a metabolism study consisting of a 6-d adaptation period, followed by 72-h of urine and fecal collections. On d 12, pigs were necropsied and ileal, cecal, and colonic digesta were collected for immediate short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) analysis. The pH of ileal and cecal digesta were also measured. Data were analyzed as a linear mixed model with treatment as a fixed effect and replicate as a random effect, and initial BW as a covariate where appropriate using PROC MIXED in SAS 9.4. The pH of both ileal and cecal digesta did not differ (P > 0.05). Pigs fed SP+FIB and SBM had increased acetate production and total SCFA concentration in the ileum (P < 0.05), but there was no difference among treatments for propionate or butyrate production (P > 0.10). The molar proportion of butyrate was increased in the cecum in pigs fed SBMC, and SP + FIB (P < 0.01), which increased the total concentration (mM/g) of SCFA in the cecal digesta (P<0.05). The SP + FIB treatment had increased concentration (mM/g) and molar proportion of butyrate produced in the colon (P < 0.01). While pigs fed SBMC and SP had increased molar proportion of propionate in the colon (P < 0.05), total colonic SCFA concentration did not differ (P > 0.10). Collectively, SBM and its fiber can modulate SCFA composition and production in nursery pigs this may be related to an increase in fermentable substrates available to the microbiome.