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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #379389

Research Project: Development of Economically Important Row Crops that Improve the Resilience of U.S. Agricultural Production to Present and Future Production Challenges

Location: Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research

Title: Resistance/ Tolerance to fusarium wilt race 4 (fov4) in upland (gossypium hirsutum l.) cotton for germplasm public release

item Ulloa, Mauricio
item HUTMACHER, ROBERT - University Of California, Davis
item ROBERTS, PHILIP - University Of California
item ELLIS, MARGARET - California State University
item FRIGULTI, TARILEE - University Of California, Davis
item DEVER, JANE - Texas A&M Agrilife
item WHEELER, TERRY - Texas A&M Agrilife
item ZHANG, JINFA - New Mexico State University
item HAGUE, STEVE - Texas A&M University
item SANOGO, SOUM - New Mexico State University
item Payton, Paxton
item NICHOLS, ROBERT - Cotton, Inc

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/6/2021
Publication Date: 5/25/2021
Citation: Ulloa, M., Hutmacher, R.B., Roberts, P.A., Ellis, M.L., Frigulti, T., Dever, J.K., Wheeler, T.A., Zhang, J., Hague, S., Sanogo, S., Payton, P.R., Nichols, R.L. 2021. Resistance/ Tolerance to fusarium wilt race 4 (fov4) in upland (gossypium hirsutum l.) cotton for germplasm public release[abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2021 Virtual Beltwide Cotton Conferences. National Cotton Council, Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 5-7, 2021, Austin, Texas. Paper No. 20466:160.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: With Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum) race 4 (FOV4), a soil-borne and seed-borne fungal pathogen, formally identified in the El Paso, TX area in proximity to the largest Upland cotton producing region in the U.S. - the High Plains of west Texas, the need for Upland (G. hirsutum L.) cotton cultivars resistant or tolerant to FOV4 has become urgent. So far, only host-plant resistance has proven effective to manage FOV4 which adversely impacts cotton production causing plant wilt and death. The search for resistant Upland cotton has been difficult and different compared to the effort in Pima (G. barbadense L.) cotton. After evaluation of more than 6,000 accessions from the USDA-ARS Cotton Germplasm Collection, Regional Breeding Testing Network (RBTN) germplasm, and developed progeny, two sources (NM12Y1004 - NM12Y1005 and SA-3208) were identified with tolerance to FOV4 and used in multiple cross-combinations to introgress and increase resistance. Pedigree information from other parental lines used to develop progeny revealed their sources to be exotic and wild Upland germplasm. The best highly resistant/tolerant developed breeding lines included the following cross-combinations of obsolete SA germplasm: SA-3208 x NM12Y1004, SA-1148 ('Auburn M') x NM12Y1004, SA-1643 ('DES 920') x NM12Y1004, double crosses (F1 x F4), plus others. Evaluations of developed F4 and F5 breeding lines were performed in 2018, 2019 and 2020 in California and Texas FOV4 field sites. These highly resistant/tolerant Upland breeding lines will be publicly released to reduce the vulnerability of the cotton industry to this pathogen.