Location: Animal Parasitic Diseases LaboratoryTitle: The veterinary immunological toolbox: past, present and future
|ENTRICAN, GARY - UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH|
|WATTEGEDERA, SEAN - MOREDUN RESEARCH INSTITUTE|
|MWANGI, WILLIAM - THE PIRBRIGHT INSTITUTE|
|HOPE, JAYNE - UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH|
|HAMMOND, JOHN - THE PIRBRIGHT INSTITUTE|
Submitted to: Frontiers in Immunology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/22/2020
Publication Date: 7/28/2020
Citation: Entrican, G., Lunney, J.K., Wattegedera, S.R., Mwangi, W., Hope, J.C., Hammond, J.A. 2020. The veterinary immunological toolbox: past, present and future. Frontiers in Immunology. 11(1651). https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.01651.
Interpretive Summary: Veterinary immunological reagent development worldwide has accelerated due to technological advances in molecular biology and protein biochemistry. Yet long-term sustainability of these reagents and associated databases requires continued effort. This review summarizes results from the last decade and focuses on the future veterinary immunological toolbox with specific reference to recent development of a UK database with funding for alternate reagent storage methods. These efforts will help to address the future availability of veterinary immune reagents which is critical to research for improving animal health, responses to infectious pathogens and vaccine design as well as for important analyses of zoonotic pathogens and the animal /human interface for One Health initiatives.
Technical Abstract: It is well-recognised that research capability in veterinary species is restricted by a lack of immunological reagents relative to the extensive toolboxes for small rodent biomedical model species and humans. This creates a barrier to the strategic development of disease control solutions for livestock, companion animals and wildlife that not only affects animal health but can affect human health by increasing the risk of transmission of zoonotic pathogens. There have been a number of projects aimed at reducing the capability gaps in the veterinary immunological toolbox, the majority of these focussing on livestock species. Various approaches have been taken to veterinary immunological reagent development across the globe and technological advances in molecular biology and protein biochemistry have accelerated toolbox development. While short-term funding initiatives can address specific gaps in capability, they do not account for long-term sustainability of reagents and databases that requires a different funding model. We review the past, present and future of the veterinary immunological toolbox with specific reference to recent developments discussed at the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) Veterinary Immunology Committee (VIC) Immune Toolkit Workshop at the 12th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium (IVIS) in Seattle, USA, 16-19 August 2019. The future availability of these reagents is critical to research for improving animal health, responses to infectious pathogens and vaccine design as well as for important analyses of zoonotic pathogens and the animal /human interface for One Health initiatives.