Location: Systematic Entomology LaboratoryTitle: Hidden Jewel: Cryptocosma Lederer (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae), its transfer to the Glaphyriinae, and the synonymy of Guyanymphula Heppner
|Solis, M Alma|
|PHILIPS-RODRIGUEZ, E. - National Museum Of Costa Rica|
Submitted to: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/9/2020
Publication Date: 1/29/2021
Citation: Solis, M.A., Philips-Rodriguez, E. 2021. Hidden Jewel: Cryptocosma Lederer (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae), its transfer to the Glaphyriinae, and the synonymy of Guyanymphula Heppner. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 123(1):217-229. https://doi.org/10.4289/0013-87188.8.131.52.
Interpretive Summary: Snout moths have many species that are pests of major crops and there are over 10,000 species described worldwide. The classification at lower taxonomic levels is in flux and major groups need to be correctly placed in a classification based on recent morphological and molecular discoveries. In this paper nomenclatural and taxonomic changes are made to synonymize a group of tropical snout moths that was incorrectly described as new and misplaced in the wrong subfamily. A lectotype, or one specimen from the type series, is designated for two species to solidify the actual specimens that represent the scientific Latin name. This information will be used by scientists interested in the identity and placement of snout moth groups.
Technical Abstract: The New World genus Guyanymphula Heppner, 2015, is synonymized with Cryptocosma Lederer, 1863, (new synonymy), based on morphological characters. We transfer Cryptocosma to Glaphyriinae. We designate a lectotype for the type species, Cryptocosma perlalis Lederer, 1863, and synonymize G. cayennensis Heppner, 2015, with C. perlalis, (new synonymy). We designate a male lectotype for Cryptocosma pigrissima Dyar (1914). We provide illustrations of type specimens and a new diagnosis for the genus. The distribution of C. perlalis is expanded with new country records for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, and Peru.