|LU, MINGMON - US Department Of Agriculture (USDA)|
|LIM, WH - US Department Of Agriculture (USDA)|
Submitted to: American Association of Avian Pathologists
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/30/2019
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL) 4 is a CC chemokine subfamily member defined by the sequential positioning of conserved cysteine residues. Upon the binding of G-protein-coupled receptors on the cell surface, CCL4 mediates a diverse set of biological processes including chemotaxis, tumorigenesis, homeostasis and thymopoiesis. Although the physiological roles of mammalian CCL4s were elucidated > 20 years ago, there is limited information on the biological activities of chicken CCL4 (chCCL4). In the present study, we developed and characterized mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against chCCL4 to characterize better the immunological properties of chCCL4. Out of initial screening of > 400 clones, two mAbs detecting chCCL4, 1A12 and 15D9, were identified and characterized using western blotting and chCCL4-specific antigen-capture ELISA, and their neutralizing activity was validated by chCCL4-induced peripheral blood mononuclear cell chemotaxis assay. Furthermore, the intracellular expression of chCCL4 in various chicken cells by immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry was confirmed using 1A12 and 15D9 mAbs. These results collectively indicate that 1A12 and 15D9 mAbs specifically detect chicken CCL4 and they will be valuable immune reagents for basic and applied studies in avian immunology.