Location: Animal Parasitic Diseases LaboratoryTitle: Book Chapter, Coccidiosis in Water Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2019
Publication Date: 11/27/2019
Citation: Dubey, J.P. 2019. Coccidiosis in Water Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). In: Dubey, J.P., editor. Coccidiosis in Livestock, Poultry, Companion Animals, and Humans. 1st Edition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429294105.
Interpretive Summary: Coccidia are a group of single celled parasites. This group of protozoa include important genera: Eimeria, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, Sarcocystis and Isospora that can cause serious illness in livestock, poultry, and humans and some species are zoonotic (parasites transmitted from animals to humans). The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is important to the economy of several countries in Asia, and South America and there are also isolated herds in Europe. Coccidiosis due to Eimeria is an important cause of diarrhea in livestock worldwide. Eimeria species are generally considered host specific. More than 11 Eimeria species are considered common in buffaloes and cattle (Bos taurus, Bos indicus) but there is no report of their pathogenicity in naturally infected water buffaloes. Instead, Eimeria bareillyi has been documented to be the main pathogenic species in buffalo; it is not transmissible to cattle. In this chapter, the authors reviews history, the life cycle, biology, epidemiology, diagnosis and control of coccidiosis in buffaloes. This review will be of interest to parasitologists, biologists, and veterinarians.
Technical Abstract: This is a review.