|REDAK, RICHARD - University Of California|
Submitted to: Austral Entomology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/18/2019
Publication Date: 5/16/2019
Citation: Krugner, R., Sisterson, M.S., Backus, E.A., Burbank, L.P., Redak, R. 2019. Sharpshooters: a review of what moves Xylella fastidiosa. Austral Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/aen.12397.
Technical Abstract: Sharpshooters (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae) and spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae: Aphrophorinae) have a worldwide distribution and are often associated with many crops. Because the geographic range of sharpshooters and spittlebugs often overlap with the range of the plant pathogenic bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, importance of these groups of insects in spreading X. fastidiosa rises to the level of a socioeconomic problem. Managing diseases caused by X. fastidiosa is challenging for several reasons. First, multiple strains of the pathogen have been identified, with strain affecting host plant association. Second, multiple vector species may be present in an agroecosystem and the host range of vector species is often broad. Finally, multiple vector control options have been described including biological, chemical, physical, and cultural controls. Disease control programs must take into account biological and ecological parameters of locally dominant X. fastidiosa strains and vector species to develop suitable control strategies. This review is intended to provide insight into priority research areas and demonstrates how fundamental principles of vector reproductive biology, behavior, nutrition, and population and community ecology have influenced research on insect vectors.