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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Parlier, California » San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center » Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #359760

Research Project: Identification of Novel Management Strategies for Key Pests and Pathogens of Grapevine with Emphasis on the Xylella Fastidiosa Pathosystem

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research

Title: Sharpshooters: a review of what moves Xylella fastidiosa

item Krugner, Rodrigo
item Sisterson, Mark
item Backus, Elaine
item Burbank, Lindsey
item REDAK, RICHARD - University Of California

Submitted to: Austral Entomology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/18/2019
Publication Date: 5/16/2019
Citation: Krugner, R., Sisterson, M.S., Backus, E.A., Burbank, L.P., Redak, R. 2019. Sharpshooters: a review of what moves Xylella fastidiosa. Austral Entomology.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Sharpshooters (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae) and spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae: Aphrophorinae) have a worldwide distribution and are often associated with many crops. Because the geographic range of sharpshooters and spittlebugs often overlap with the range of the plant pathogenic bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, importance of these groups of insects in spreading X. fastidiosa rises to the level of a socioeconomic problem. Managing diseases caused by X. fastidiosa is challenging for several reasons. First, multiple strains of the pathogen have been identified, with strain affecting host plant association. Second, multiple vector species may be present in an agroecosystem and the host range of vector species is often broad. Finally, multiple vector control options have been described including biological, chemical, physical, and cultural controls. Disease control programs must take into account biological and ecological parameters of locally dominant X. fastidiosa strains and vector species to develop suitable control strategies. This review is intended to provide insight into priority research areas and demonstrates how fundamental principles of vector reproductive biology, behavior, nutrition, and population and community ecology have influenced research on insect vectors.