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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Parlier, California » San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center » Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #354978

Research Project: Identification of Novel Management Strategies for Key Pests and Pathogens of Grapevine with Emphasis on the Xylella Fastidiosa Pathosystem

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research

Title: Winter climate and cultivar effects on severity of Pierce’s Disease in table grapes

item Burbank, Lindsey

Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/28/2018
Publication Date: 12/28/2018
Citation: Burbank, L.P. 2018. Winter climate and cultivar effects on severity of Pierce’s Disease in table grapes. International Symposium on Proactive Technologies for Enhancement of Integrated Pest Management in Key Crops. p. 159-166.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Grapevines infected with Xylella fastidiosa (Xf)can recover from infection following exposure to cold temperatures. The rate at which vines recover is dependent on duration of cold exposure, cultivar susceptibility, and time of inoculation. Previous studies primarily focused on climate conditions experienced in the northern California wine grape growing regions, and only a small number of cultivars. This study aims to increase available information on probability of vine recovery in warmer regions. Cold treatment representative of southern California climate conditions led to very low rates of recovery in susceptible grapevines. However, even at low chill hour treatments, rate of recovery varied based on cultivar and time of inoculation. Comparison of Xf strains isolated from northern and southern California locations did not show any significant difference in curing under the same conditions. Evaluating the rate at which Xf- infected grapevines can be cured by cold temperatures is important for developing region-specific management strategies, and for understanding pathogen spread in a variety of locations.