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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Cotton Production and Processing Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #350239

Research Project: Enhancing the Profitability and Sustainability of Upland Cotton, Cottonseed, and Agricultural Byproducts through Improvements in Pre- and Post-Harvest Processing

Location: Cotton Production and Processing Research

Title: Increasing cotton stand establishment in soils prone to soil crusting

Author
item Dudak, Jennifer - Texas A&m University
item Morgan, Gaylon - Texas A&m Agrilife
item Arthur, Brady - Texas A&m University
item Mott, Dale - Texas A&m Agrilife
item Holt, Gregory

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/3/2018
Publication Date: 5/31/2018
Citation: Dudak, J., Morgan, G., Arthur, B., Mott, D., Holt, G.A. 2018. Increasing cotton stand establishment in soils prone to soil crusting. Meeting Abstract. CD ROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Many factors can contribute to poor cotton stand establishment, and cotton is notorious for its weak seedling vigor. Soil crusting can be a major factor hindering cotton seedling emergence in many of the cotton production regions of the US and the world. Crusting is mainly an issue in silty soils and saline soils, but can be problematic in many major cotton production regions in Texas and the Cotton Belt. Poor stand establishment can impact cotton yields and can increase input costs due to replanting requirements. The goal of this research project is to evaluate and identify products that can increase seedling emergence under conditions prone to soil crusting, silty soils and heavy rainfall. The practicality of application method and affordability will be considered. Treatments will include in-furrow applications of an erosion control product, hydro-mulch, and bio-degradable plastic. The treatments will be applied at the time of cotton planting using various methods and rates to optimize the potential of each product. The percent stand and seedling vigor will be summarized and presented in the poster.