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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Parlier, California » San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center » Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #348658

Research Project: Identification of Novel Management Strategies for Key Pests and Pathogens of Grapevine with Emphasis on the Xylella Fastidiosa Pathosystem

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research

Title: Detection and characterization of pXFSL21, a novel single-copy plasmid from Xylella fastidiosa Strain Stag’s Leap

Author
item Van Horn, Christopher
item Wu, F - South China Agricultural University
item Zheng, Z - South China Agricultural University
item Chen, Jianchi

Submitted to: International Congress of Plant Pathology Abstracts and Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/27/2018
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Xylella fastidiosa Strain Stag’s Leap, originally isolated from Napa Valley, California, is highly virulent in causing Pierce’s Disease (PD) of grapevine. Plasmids are extrachromosomal genetic elements associated with bacterial environmental adaptation such as virulence development. In this study, the plasmid status of Strain Stag’s Leap was studied. DNA samples extracted from pure culture in PW medium (in vitro) and PD grapevine in greenhouse (in planta) were subject to next generation sequencing (NGS, MiSeq/HiSeq formats). Through de novo assembling and primer walking techniques, a circular plasmid, pXFSL21, of 21,665 bp was identified from MiSeq data (in vitro DNA) and confirmed by HiSeq data (in planta DNA) using referenced assembling. NGS read mapping and PCR experiments indicated that pXFSL21 was single-copied per genome both in vitro and in planta. The plasmid had 27 genes/open reading frames (ORFs) encoding proteins of DNA replication (DR), conjugal transfer (CT), two toxin/antitoxin (TA) systems, and a multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pump. BLAST search against current GenBank database (version 222.0) showed that pXFSL21was unique for its TA and MDR genes among the 46 deposited X. fastidiosa plasmids. However, among the whole genome sequences of 41 X. fastidiosa strains, MDR homologs were found in 29 strains and TA system genes were found in four strains. Phylogenetic analyses suggested genes of DR, CT, TA, and MDR were likely of different origins.