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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Systematic Entomology Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #339942

Research Project: Systematics of Hemiptera and Related Groups: Plant Pests, Predators and Disease Vectors

Location: Systematic Entomology Laboratory

Title: A synonymic revision of the Prunus-infesting aphid genus Hyalopterus Koch 1854 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

item FAVRET, COLIN - University Of Montreal
item MESHRAM, NARESH - Indian Council Of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
item Miller, Gary
item NIETO NAFRIA, JUAN MANUEL - University Of Leon
item STEKOLSHCHIKOV, ANDREY - Russian Academy Of Sciences

Submitted to: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/9/2017
Publication Date: 10/31/2017
Citation: Favret, C., Meshram, N., Miller, G.L., Nieto Nafria, J., Stekolshchikov, A.V. 2017. A synonymic revision of the Prunus-infesting aphid genus Hyalopterus Koch 1854 (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 119(4):465-474.

Interpretive Summary: Aphids are small insects that cause billions of dollars of damage annually to world agricultural crops. However, they are very difficult to identify and that sometimes leads to confusion during the scientific naming process. Knowing the correct name is cornerstone of any research. In this paper we provide clarification for several names of agriculturally important aphids. This information is invaluable for plant quarantine inspectors, state and federal identifiers, invasive species specialists, biologists, and aphid systematists.

Technical Abstract: The three species of Hyalopterus Koch cause economic damage to various stone fruit trees of the genus Prunus L., H. pruni (Geoffroy), H. amygdali (Blanchard), and H. persikonus Miller et al. Although the third species was established recently, it has been suggested that one of the twelve older synonyms of the first two may be applicable to the third. We undertook a synonymic revision of the nominal species of Hyalopterus to clarify the taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus. The three valid species of Hyalopterus are affirmed to be H. pruni, H. amygdali, and H. arundiniformis Ghulamullah. We determined that H. mimulus Börner and H. persikonus are junior synonyms of H. arundiniformis stat. nov., syn. nov. and that Brachysiphum kobachidzei Rusanova is not a synonym of H. amygdali but a valid species of Aphis, stat. nov., comb. nov. Aphis amygdalipersicae Mosely is likely a senior synonym of Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kaltenbach); we establish the former as a nomen oblitem with respect to the latter. Finally, several nominal species were unevaluable and are therefore listed as nomina dubia.