Location: Systematic Entomology LaboratoryTitle: Opiinae update
Submitted to: Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae(Hymenoptera)
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/29/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Opiinae is a subfamily of koinobiont endoparasitoids of cyclorrhaphous Diptera with ~1,981 described species worldwide. The subfamily is hyperdiverse, and many species remain undescribed. Most opiines attack agromyzid or tephritid flies; they have been used to control pests in those families, particularly fruit-infesting tephritids. Taxonomic works on Opiinae over the last 20 years have primarily treated Neotropical species but also Nearctic species. Comprehensive assessments of adult and larval morphology have been published within the last two decades. Research on evolutionary relationships for Opiinae has focused on phylogenetic placement relative to non-opiine braconids, and relationships among opiines is unresolved. Historically, most opiines have been placed in the genus Opius Wesmael and further segregated into ~35 subgenera. Many subgenera are likely non-monophyletic, and different approaches to revising opiine classification have been proposed. Contemporary cladistic analyses have not been conducted, and thus, taxonomists continue to follow different classifications.