Submitted to: IMA Fungus
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/15/2016
Publication Date: 11/29/2016
Citation: Rossman, A.Y., Braun, U., Castlebury, L.A., Chaverri, P., Crous, P., Hawksworth, D., Hyde, K., Johnston, P., Lombard, L., Samson, R.A., Seifert, K.A., Stone, J.K., Udayanga, D., White, J.F., Allen, C.W., Romberg, M. 2016. Overlooked competing asexual and sexually typified generic names of Ascomycota with recommendations for their use or protection. IMA Fungus. 7(2):289–308. doi: 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.02.09. Interpretive Summary: Everything needs a name in order to effectively communicate about it, including fungi that cause diseases. For years two names of fungi were allowed but recently it was decided to change to just one scientific name for fungi. This is in agreement with all other groups of organisms. The first step in changing to one scientific name is to determine which genus should be used. Numerous papers have been published with recommendations on which name should be used for major groups of plant pathogens but some have been overlooked. In this paper, we make recommendations for these overlooked fungal groups, including important fungi that cause diseases of crop plants and trees, based on all available information including DNA sequences. This research will be used by scientists and plant quarantine officials who use the accurate scientific names to communicate about diseases caused by fungi and to keep American agriculture safe.
Technical Abstract: With the change to one scientific name for fungal species, numerous papers have been published with recommendations for use or protection of competing genera in major groups of Ascomycetes. Although genera in each group of fungi were carefully considered, some competing generic names were overlooked. This paper makes recommendations for additional competing genera not considered in previous papers. Relevant members of appropriate Working Groups of the ICTF were consulted in the development of these recommendations. A number of generic names need protection, specifically Amarenographium over Amarenomyces, Amniculicola over Anguillospora, Balansia over Ephelis, Claviceps over Sphacelia, Drepanopeziza over Gloeosporium and Gloeosporidiella, Golovinomyces over Euoidium, Holwaya over Crinium, Hypocrella over Aschersonia, Metacapnodium over Antennularia, and Neonectria over Cylindrocarpon and Heliscus. The following new combinations are made: Amniculicola longissima, Atichia maunauluana, Diaporthe columnaris, D. longiparaphysata, Eupelte shoemakeri, Godronia myrtilli, G. raduloides, Sarcinella mirabilis, S. pulchra, Schizothyrium jamaicensis, and Trichothallus nigra. Finally, the conservation of Discula with a new type, D. destructiva, is recommended.