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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #334241

Research Project: MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR PLANT-PARASITIC NEMATODES: COVER CROPS, AMENDMENTS, AND INTERNAL MOLECULAR TARGETS

Location: Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory

Title: New nematotoxic indoloditerpenoid produced by Gymnoascus reessii za-130

Author
item Liu, T - Beijing Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
item Meyer, Susan
item Chitwood, David
item Chauhan, Kamal
item Dong, Dan - Beijing Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
item Zhang, Taotao - Beijing Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
item Li, Jun - Beijing University Of Chinese Medicine
item Liu, Wei-cheng - Beijing Academy Of Agricultural Sciences

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/25/2017
Publication Date: 3/25/2017
Citation: Liu, T., Meyer, S.L.F., Chitwood, D.J., Chauhan, K.R., Dong, D., Zhang, T., Li, J., Liu, W. 2017. New nematotoxic indoloditerpenoid produced by Gymnoascus reessii za-130. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 65(15):3127-3132.

Interpretive Summary: Plant-parasitic nematodes annually cause crop losses of 100 billion dollars worldwide because of the lack of safe and effective methods and agents to control them. Fungi are a likely but inadequately investigated source of natural compounds for use in nematode management. In this study, a fungus isolated in China was found to produce a compound that was toxic to root-knot nematodes in laboratory studies and that suppressed nematode populations on tomato roots in greenhouse studies. These results are significant because the live fungus could potentially be used as a biological control agent for nematodes, or the compound applied as a biological nematicide. This work will be used by researchers involved in developing novel controls for reducing yield losses caused by plant-parasitic nematodes.

Technical Abstract: Chemical investigation of the fungal strain Gymnoascus reessii za-130, which was previously isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato plants infected by the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita, led to the isolation and identification of a new indoloditerpenoid metabolite designated gymnoascole acetate. Its structure was established by spectroscopic methods including 1D- and 2D-NMR and MS analyses. Gymnoascole acetate demonstrated strong adverse effects on M. incognita second-stage juvenile (J2) viability; exposure to 36 µg/mL for 24 h induced 100% paralysis of J2 (EC50 = 47.5 µg/mL). Gymnoascole acetate suppressed M. incognita egg hatch relative to controls by >90% at 133 µg/mL after 7 days of exposure. The numbers of root galls and J2 in both soil and roots were significantly reduced (p = 0.05) by treatment with 2–200 µg/mL gymnoascole acetate/kg soil, compared to untreated control plants; nematode suppression increased with gymnoascole acetate concentration. This study demonstrated the nematotoxicity of gymnoascole acetate and indicates that it might be a potential biobased component in integrated management of M. incognita.