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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Animal Biosciences & Biotechnology Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #315401

Title: In ovo vaccines based on recombinant NetB toxin and Montanide IMS adjuvants induced protective immunity against Necrotic Enteritis in chickens

item BE AROUS, JULIETTE - Seppic, Inc
item Jang, Seung
item Lee, Sung
item LEE, KYUNG WOO - US Department Of Agriculture (USDA)
item DUPUIS, LAURENT - Seppic, Inc
item Lillehoj, Hyun

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/17/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of in ovo injection of recombinant clostridium NetB toxin plus Eimeria profilin proteins in combination with Montanide adjuvants in modulating immune system in chickens infected for experimental necrotic enteritis (NE) disease. Broiler eggs were injected with 100µl of PBS, profilin, profilin plus NetB, profilin plus NetB/Montanide IMS OVO 1 adjuvant (OVO1), or profilin plus NetB/Montanide IMS OVO 2 adjuvant (OVO2). Intestinal lesion scores, body weight gains, Net-B toxin antibody levels, and proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine levels were measured as outcomes of protection following oral co-infection with C. perfringens and Eimeria maxima. Birds in ovo vaccinated with recombinant profilin plus NetB proteins/OVO1 and recombinant profilin plus NetB proteins/OVO2 showed significantly increased body weight gains and reduced gut lesions compared with the profilin-only group, respectively. Greater NetB toxin antibody titers were observed in the profilin plus NetB/OVO1, and profilin plus NetB/OVO2 groups compared with the other three vaccine groups. Finally, decreased levels of gene transcripts encoding interleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor superfamily 15, and TNF-a factor were observed in the intestinal lymphocytes of chickens in ovo injected with profilin plus NetB toxin in combination with OVO1, and profilin plus NetB toxin in combination with OVO2 compared with profilin protein alone bird. These results suggest that in ovo injection with recombinant profilin plus NetB proteins in combination with Montanide IMS adjuvants enhances protective immunity against experimental NE disease.