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Research Project: DISCOVERY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PLANT PATHOGENS FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INVASIVE WEEDS FROM THEIR NATIVE RANGE

Location: Foreign Disease-weed Science Research

Title: Mutual benefits through formalized international collaboration on biological control of weeds with plant pathogens

Author
item Berner, Dana
item Smallwood, Emily
item Cavin, Craig
item Eskandari, Farivar
item Tunali, Berna - Ondokuz Mayis University
item Buyuk, Orhan - Central Research Institute - Turkey
item Yildirim, Aysegul - Central Research Institute - Turkey
item Mukhina, Zhanna - Russian Phytopathology Research Institute
item Kolomiets, Tamara - Russian Phytopathology Research Institute
item Matveeva, Tatiana - St. Petersburg State University
item Bogomaz, Denis - St. Petersburg State University
item Kassanelli, Damenique - Kuban State University
item Souissi, Thouraya - Tunisian National Institute Of Agronomy
item Mejri, Dorsaf - Tunisian National Institute Of Agronomy
item Latiri, Kawther - Institute National De La Recherche Agronomique De Tunisie (INRAT)
item Kashefi, Javid - American Farm School
item Lagopodi, Anastasia - Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki

Submitted to: Tunisia Journal of Plant Protection
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/19/2011
Publication Date: 11/1/2011
Citation: Berner, D.K., Smallwood, E.L., Cavin, C.A., Eskandari, F., Tunali, B., Buyuk, O., Yildirim, A., Mukhina, Z., Kolomiets, T., Matveeva, T., Bogomaz, D., Kassanelli, D., Souissi, T., Mejri, D., Latiri, K., Kashefi, J., Lagopodi, A. 2011. Mutual benefits through formalized international collaboration on biological control of weeds with plant pathogens. Tunisia Journal of Plant Protection. 6(1):49-74.

Interpretive Summary: In the U.S., introduced invasive weeds have catastrophic effects on agricultural and natural ecosystems. Often the only economically feasible means for controlling these weeds is biological control through the introduction of natural enemies, including plant pathogens, from countries where the weed species are native and naturally controlled. The Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research Unit (FDWSRU) of USDA, ARS has been successfully working on classical biological control of invasive weeds with plant pathogens for over 30 years. In order to discover new weed pathogens, collaboration with scientists in countries where the target weeds are native is essential. Until recently, however, these scientists were not actively involved in biological control of weeds. Now, biological control is becoming an attractive alternative and is of increasing interest to many of these scientists. This mutual interest has resulted in several formal and successful collaborative projects between FDWSRU and international scientists. Some of the results of these projects are summarized.

Technical Abstract: In the U.S., introduced invasive weeds have catastrophic effects on agricultural, aquatic, rangeland, riparian, and natural ecosystems. Often the only economically feasible means for controlling these weeds is classical biological control through the introduction of natural enemies, including plant pathogens, from areas where the weed species are native and naturally controlled. The Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research Unit (FDWSRU) of USDA, ARS has been successfully working on classical biological control of invasive weeds with plant pathogens for over 30 years. In order to discover new weed pathogens, collaboration with scientists in regions where the target weeds are native is essential. Until recently, however, these scientists were not actively involved in biological control of weeds. Now, biological control is becoming an attractive alternative and is of increasing interest to many of these scientists. This mutual interest has resulted in several formal and successful collaborative projects between FDWSRU and international scientists. Some of the results of these projects are summarized.