Submitted to: Bean Improvement Cooperative Annual Report
Publication Type: Research Notes
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/15/2008
Publication Date: 5/31/2008
Citation: Teran, H., Strausbaugh, C.A., Eujayl, I.A., Beaver, J., Miklas, P.N., Singh, S.P. 2008. Response of BGMV and BGYMV resistant common bean to beet curly top virus. Bean Improvement Cooperative Annual Report. 51:168-169. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Crop losses can be severe when susceptible large-seeded Andean dry and green bean cultivars are planted early in dry areas with a history of curly top caused by Beet curly top virus (BCTV) and closely related species. In order to assess the level of curly top resistance in 65 diverse dry and green bean genotypes, seed was planted in a commercial field in Kimberly, ID in 2007. Viruliferous beet leafhoppers were released approximately 3 weeks after emergence to generate an artificial epiphytotic. Plants were rated on a scale of 1-5 (1 = healthy, 5 = highly susceptible) 5 weeks after infestation and verified at fully developed pod stage (R8). Capri and UI 51 were among the most susceptible genotypes, while A 429, DOR 390, DOR 500, and G 2402 did not exhibit any symptoms. In general, breeding lines and cultivars with known resistance to Bean golden mosaic virus and Bean golden yellow mosaic virus (except Morales) were resistant to moderately resistant to BCTV. Additional testing will be required to verify the resistance followed by research to determine the evolutionary origin of the genes for resistance to these viruses.