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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #224839

Title: A low-cost infrared thermometry system for use in research and production agriculture

item Mahan, James

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2008
Publication Date: 3/3/2008
Citation: Mahan, J.R. 2008. A low-cost infrared thermometry system for use in research and production agriculture[abstract]. Southern Section of the American Society of Agronomy. Shreveport, LA. March 1-3, 2008.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Plant canopy temperature is used in many studies of plant/environment interactions. Non-contact measurement of plant canopy temperature is often accomplished through the use of radiometric surface thermometers commonly referred to as infrared thermometers. Industrial-quality infrared thermocouples are widely available and often used in agricultural research. While research on canopy temperature has resulted in management tools for production agriculture, the cost of industrial-quality infrared thermocouples has limited their use in production agriculture settings. In this paper we evaluate the use of a low-cost consumer-quality infrared thermocouple device as a component of a wireless thermal monitoring system designed for use in a production agriculture setting. The performance of industrial-quality and low-cost consumer quality devices were compared under controlled constant temperature conditions and under field conditions using both grass and cotton canopies. Under controlled-temperature conditions, the consumer-quality infrared thermocouple output was closer to the value of the thermocouple control than the industrial-quality infrared thermocouple. In the field, the comparison of the 15-minute means of 5 industrial-quality infrared thermocouples devices and 6 consumer-quality infrared thermocouples devices monitoring a grass canopy during June of 2007 and a cotton canopy during September 2007 indicated that the two types of devices are functionally equivalent over 13°C to 35°C range of the measurement period. Over a range of temperatures experienced by plants in temperate regions (10°C to 50°C), the two types of devices would not differ significantly. The results indicate that the consumer-quality infrared thermometer may be suitable for use in production agricultural applications.