Submitted to: Controlled Atmosphere Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/15/2005
Publication Date: 7/1/2005
Citation: Rudell, D., Mattheis, J.P., Fellman, J. 2005. Inhibition of ethylene action alters apple and pear fruit responses to CA environments with elevated carbon dioxide oxygen and/or temperature. Controlled Atmosphere Conference Proceedings.
Technical Abstract: Several cultivars of apple ('Delicious', 'Gala', 'Golden Deliciious') and pear ('Bartlett', 'd'Anjou') were used to evaluate how inhibition of ethylene action by 1-MCP impacts fruit response to CA conditions and temperature during storage. In some studies fruit were harvested on multiple dates to incorporate maturity at harvest as another variable. In all studies, fruit were exposed to 1-MCP on the day of harvest for 14-16 h, then transferred to CA chambers and held for 14 h prior to establishment of CA conditions. Studies were conducted using CA systems in which atmospheres were established and maintained using flow-through or static environments. Fruit were removed from CA chambers at either 2 ('Bartlett', 'Gala') or 3 ('d'Anjou', 'Delicious', 'Golden Delicious') month intervals then rated for external color, disorders and decay incidence. After a 7 day period during which fruit were held at 20 deg C, external (color, disorders, decay) and internal quality were evaluated. For the cultivars evaluated, impacts of higher (O2 and CO2 CA conditions observed were dependent in part on maturity at harvest and storage duration. For the apples evaluated, exposures to 1-MCP slowed ripening in CA with up to 5 kPa O2, however, the impact of 1-MCP decreased with increased O2 concentration and storage duration. Exposure to 1-MCP also slowed ripening at temperatures up to 5 deg C. Control of superficial scald on 'Delicious' and 'd'Anjou' was not compromised by increased O2 setpoints. Accelerated ripening (softening, degreening) of 1-MCP-treated 'd'Anjou' pears stored in 3 or 5 kPa O2 was observed after 6 and 9 months plus 7 days at 20 deg C, but only after 9 months did fruit soften to less than 26 N. Peel degreening increased with CA O2 concentration but occurred at a slower rate in 1-MCP treated fruit. Development of peel CO2 injury on 'Golden Delicious' apples was enhanced by 1-MCP treatment.