Submitted to: Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/6/2004
Publication Date: 1/6/2004
Citation: Longstreth, D., Burow, G.B., Yu, G. 2004. Solutes involved in osmotic adjustment to increasing salinity in suspension cells of althernanthera philoxeroides griseb. Plant Cell Tissue And Organ Culture. 78:225-230.
Interpretive Summary: No interpretive summary required.
Technical Abstract: Cell recovery from osmotic stress was studied in suspension cell cultures from alternanthera philoxeroides [Mart.] Griseb. Changes in different classes of cellular solutes were measured after cells were transferred from 0 to 200mM NaCl (high salt) to obtain an integrated picture of the solute pools involved in osmotic adjustment. By 2 h, cellular [Na+] and [Cl-] had increased several-fold, potentially accounting for the osmotic adjustment that produced a rapid recovery of cell turgor. There was a four-fold increase in the concentration of quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC) by 12 h and a slower increase for several days afterward. Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) is required for synthesis of glycine betaine, a QAC produced by a range of organisms in response to osmotic stress. Western-blot analysis for BADH suggested that glycine betaine was a significant component of the QAC solutes. The amount of BADH was generally similar at different sampling times for control and high salt cells, unlike previous reports of stimulation by osmotic stress in intact plants of some species. Between 3 and 7 days after cell transfer to high salt, other organic solutes increased in concentration and [Na+] and [Cl-] decreased. In A. philoxeroides, high [Na+] and [Cl-] produce rapid osmotic adjustment but organic solutes apparently replace these potentially harmful inorganic ions after the recovery of turgor.