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Research plots in Baltimore to study temperature and CO2 impact on plant growth (left photo). Corn growing in outdoor controlled environment chambers. (right photo)
Soybeans growing in a field FACE (Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment) system. CO2 levels are maintained around the plants using a grid of CO2 injection points (green/white sticks).
Maps of northeast potato production under current climate conditions (left) and mid-century worse case climate scenario without adaptation (right).
Work activities to obtain data for developing and testing plant simulation models for potato and corn
The Adaptive Cropping Systems Laboratory (ACSL), applies systems theory as well as basic and applied research to the complex problem of managing and adapting agricultural systems within a background of changing climate. The laboratory carries out research to: 1) assess and understand the responses of crops to changes in carbon dioxide, temperature, light, and water; 2) improve nutrient use efficiency and food safety; and 3) develop safe and beneficial uses for agricultural and industrial byproducts. Scientists in ACSL are successfully developing models, databases, and expert systems to assess and identify the complex interactions of the changing environment on crop growth, and the environmental impacts of agriculture.