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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Wapato, Washington » Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research » Research » Research Project #436513

Research Project: Gut Content Analysis to Pinpoint the Weed Sources of Potato Psyllid in Idaho

Location: Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research

Project Number: 2092-22000-022-13-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Apr 1, 2019
End Date: Jun 30, 2021

Objective:
A primary objective of our project is to use molecular gut content analysis to directly pinpoint what plants (e.g. matrimony vine, bittersweet nightshade, groundcherry, ect) potato psyllids are dispersing from as they enter Idaho potato fields in early summer. A second goal is to determine if early-season monitoring of potato psyllid in matrimony vine or other regional perennial host species identified in this project as sources of psyllids can be used to predict psyllid pressure expected in potato in late summer.

Approach:
Psyllid interception traps will be deployed during the spring interval when psyllids first begin to appear in potato fields in Idaho (early June to July, depending upon location). We will use 3D-printed yellow that are designed to capture psyllids directly into a preservative, which prevents the plant DNA signal from degrading before the trapped psyllids are assayed molecularly. The traps will be monitored every 2 to 3 days for 3 to 4 weeks. Captured psyllids will be removed from trap-collection vials, placed in a fresh solution of 70% ethanol. DNA will be extracted from psyllids using a commercial kit. Each sample will first be tested for the presence of the zebra chip pathogen using routine diagnostic PCR. PCR using universal primers for the chloroplast gene, trnL, and the ribosomal gene, ITS, will then be used to amplify regions of plant DNA from the guts of psyllids. Barcoded sequences unique to each sample will be attached to PCR primers so that sequences can be paired with samples after sequencing. PCR products from each sample will be pooled into a single sample to be processed and direct-sequenced using a PacBio platform. Plant sequences will be trimmed and organized into samples based upon the sequences of the barcoded primers. The BLAST search function of the NCBI website will be used to identify plant sequences based on similarity to archived sequences. Multiple stands of regional weed hosts in Idaho will be sampled using standard beat sheet methods in mid-May and in early-June to estimate densities of psyllids on this host preceding arrival of the psyllid in potato fields. Spring counts in weeds will be compared to summer counts in Idaho potato fields.