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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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The Mulberry


If you would like to submit a request for plant material, please visit our Products & Services page.


*Summer requests for Morus germplasm should only be made if propagtion will occur under mist.

The Moraceae family has about 1,000 species which differ greatly from one another. Their commonality is that their stems and leaves are full of milky sap. There are three kinds of mulberry: American red mulberry, and the white and black mulberry. Mulberries look very similar to blackberries, the difference being that instead of the fruitlets being juicy, they are dry and surrounded by the fleshy parts of the swollen flower. The most important use of the mulberry is for the production of silk. Silkworms are fed the leaves of the mulberry. White mulberry originated in Western Asia, red mulberry in North and South America, and black mulberry is from Persia and Southern Russia.



Use GRIN Global to search for more information on Morus and the accessions in the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS).


Questions about our mulberry collection can be directed to Jenny Smith


Links to non-federal mulberry related sites:


California Rare Fruit Growers

Discover Life

Purdue Horticulture Department


Some information for this page was obtained from: The Complete Book of Fruits. D. Pijpers, J.G. Constant, and K. Jansen. Gallery Books, New York. 1985.


Crop Pages

Actinidia(kiwifruit)   Diospyros(persimmon)   Ficus(fig)    Juglans (walnut)   Olea(olives)   Morus (mulberry)   Pistacia(pistachio)   Prunus (peach, plum, apricot, cherry, almond, and related species)   Punica (pomegranate)   Vitis (grape) 


GRIN Accession Query


Last Modified: 8/12/2016
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