USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21092
SELECTION: Not applicable
PEDIGREE: [Fuggle x (Serebrianka-Fuggle Seedling)] x OP; Open pollinated seed collected on USDA 19124 in 1955
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Heat-treated/meristem tip cultured USDA 56013 by C.B. Skotland, Prosser, WA
DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974.
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted cutting
AVAILABILITY: commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Brooks, S.N., C.E. Homer, S.T. Likens, and C.E. Zimmermann. Registration of Cascade hop (Registration No. 1). Crop Sci. 12:394. 1972.
Homer, C.E., S.T. Likens, C.E. Zimmermann, and A. Haunold. Cascade, a new continental-type hop variety for the U.S. Brewer's Digest 47:56-62. 1972.
Haunold, A. Development of hop varieties. Zymurgy 13(4): 15-23. 1990. Probasco, G. Hop varieties grown in the U.S.A. Brauwelt International, 1985(1):30-34. 1985.
USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1974, pp. 19-20.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green to dark green
SEX: Female; occasionally produces a few sterile flowers
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant in the crown, moderately susceptible in shoots and cones
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant or tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot virus and Apple mosaic Virus; infected with Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses.
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 1800-2200 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.3% (7-year range 5.1-8.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.6% (7-year range 3.6-7.5%)
STORAGE STABILITY: poor (retained 40% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.24 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Crown resistance to downy mildew; ratio of alpha/beta acids similar to European aroma hops; contains small amounts of farnesene (about 4%), H/C ratio - 2.67; 10% humulene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Virtually identical to USDA 56013, except for slightly higher yield and quality potential. Mostly grown in Washington where the alpha acids content is often slightly lower than beta, resulting in an alpha/beta ratio below 1. Total 1991 production 2.54 mill. lbs. on 1240 acres, all in Washington; 1997 production 2.11 mill. Lbs, all in Washington. Craft/microbrewers love this hop for its distinctive flavor.