Location: Obesity and Metabolism Research Unit
Title: Dairy product intake in children and adolescents in developed countries: trends, nutritional contribution, and a review of association with health outcomes Authors
Submitted to: Nutrition Reviews
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: June 27, 2013
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Despite its contribution to nutrient intake and status, milk and dairy product consumption by children and adolescents in many countries has waned over the past decades, with a substantial proportion of youth failing to meet intake recommendations. Dairy products remain an important dietary source of multiple micronutrients, including calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iodine, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and riboflavin (vitamin B2). In addition, dairy products provide children with energy, high quality protein, and essential and non-essential fatty acids. A review of evidence suggests an inverse association of milk and dairy product consumption in children and adolescents with indicators of adiposity, incidence of dental caries, and hypertension. Available data indicate that dairy products are important for linear growth and bone health during childhood. Additional research is warranted, particularly controlled intervention trials and long-term prospective cohort studies to better understand how dairy intake impacts health outcomes in children and adolescents.