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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SUSTAINABLE AGRO-ECOSYSTEMS THAT CONTROL SOIL EROSION AND ENHANCE THE ENVIRONMENT

Location: Wind Erosion and Water Conservation Research

Title: Using Rare Earth Element (REE) tracers to identify preferential micro-sites of post-fire aeolian erosion

Authors
item Van Pelt, Robert
item Zobeck, Teddy
item Barnes, Melanie -
item Baddock, Matthew -
item D'Odorico, Paolo -

Submitted to: Soil and Water Conservation Society Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: July 21, 2012
Publication Date: July 25, 2012
Citation: Van Pelt, R.S., Zobeck, T.M., Barnes, M., Baddock, M., D'Odorico, P. 2012. Using Rare Earth Element (REE) tracers to identify preferential micro-sites of post-fire aeolian erosion[abstract]. Soil and Water Conservation Society Proceedings. July 21-25,2012. Ft. Worth, Texas. Paper No. 23.

Technical Abstract: Plant communities in desert environments are spatially anisotropic and nutrient islands develop below plant canopies that enhance plant growth and reinforce the spatial anisotropy. Catastrophic disturbance that removes the vegetation such as fire or drought can result in the release of the trapped sediment which becomes redistributed over the landscape by wind and water. We applied acid-dissolved Rare Earth Element (REE) tracers to different landscape positions of a desert ecosystem at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in central New Mexico. The area containing the plots was burned by U.S. Fish and Wildlife personnel and three grassland plots and three grassland-shrubland ecotone plots were tested by placing a portable boundary layer field wind tunnel over the plots and blowing them with 12 m s-1 wind for 10 minutes followed by a 30 minute test in which clean quartz sand abrader was added to the wind tunnel flow and a second test of 10 minutes with abrader added to the flow. Three paired aeolian sediment samples were collected for each plot tested. Sediment was extracted using 1N nitric acid and analyzed with ICP/MS. The results indicated that in desert grassland, a disproportionate amount of the post-fire sediment is entrained from areas under grass clumps and in grassland-shrubland ecotones, the soil under shrubs is the primary source of entrained sediment. The bare surfaces between vegetation produced the least sediment.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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