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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATION OF NUTRITIONAL, GENETIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO IMPROVE PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY OF RAINBOW TROUT

Location: Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research

Title: Efficient measurement of amylose content in cereal grains.

Authors
item Hu, Gongshe
item Burton, Charlotte
item Yang, Chunyan - SHIJIANZHUANG HEBEI CHINA

Submitted to: Journal of Cereal Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 20, 2006
Publication Date: January 1, 2010
Repository URL: http://riley.nal.usda.gov/nal_web/digi/submission.html
Citation: Hu, G., Burton, C.S., Yang, C. 2010. Efficient measurement of amylose content in cereal grains.. Journal of Cereal Science. 51:35-40.

Interpretive Summary: Rapid and economical measurement of amylose content in barley is important for genetic study and breeding improvement of this trait. Seventeen genotypes with a wide range of amylose contents were used to compare the amylose measurement accuracy of the cost-effective iodine-potassium iodide (I:KI) method to the commercially available enzyme-based Megazyme protocol. Comparable accuracy from I:KI was demonstrated in low amylose samples (below 10% dried base), as were limitations in regular or high amylose samples. To address the major cost of sample preparation in nutritional trait analysis, the I:KI method was also employed for amylose detection from ß-glucan and free phosphate assay samples. Results indicated that samples used in ß-glucan and phosphate assays could be further utilized for amylose measurement. Amylose detection accuracy using I:KI method from those assayed samples is comparable to that using the Megazyme method in low and regular amylose samples. Development of protocols for the double assays from one grain sample will significantly reduce the labor cost associated with sample preparation and will streamline the screening of early generation barley populations

Technical Abstract: Rapid and economical measurement of amylose content in barley is important for genetic study and breeding improvement of this trait. Seventeen genotypes with a wide range of amylose contents were used to compare the amylose measurement accuracy of the cost-effective iodine-potassium iodide (I:KI) method to the commercially available enzyme-based Megazyme protocol. Comparable accuracy from I:KI was demonstrated in low amylose samples (below 10% dried base), as were limitations in regular or high amylose samples. To address the major cost of sample preparation in nutritional trait analysis, the I:KI method was also employed for amylose detection from ß-glucan and free phosphate assay samples. Results indicated that samples used in ß-glucan and phosphate assays could be further utilized for amylose measurement. Amylose detection accuracy using I:KI method from those assayed samples is comparable to that using the Megazyme method in low and regular amylose samples. Development of protocols for the double assays from one grain sample will significantly reduce the labor cost associated with sample preparation and will streamline the screening of early generation barley populations, where seed sample amounts are limited.

Last Modified: 8/21/2014
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