INNOVATIVE ANIMAL MANURE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
Location: Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research
Title: Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from constructed wetlands treating swine wastewater
Submitted to: ASABE Annual International Meeting
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: May 14, 2007
Publication Date: June 17, 2007
Citation: Ro, K.S., Hunt, P.G., Johnson, M.H., Matheny, T.A., Reddy, G.B. 2007. Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from constructed wetlands treating swine wastewater. Paper Number: 074059. In: Proceedings of American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, June 17-20, 2007, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 9 pp.
Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from marsh-pond-marsh constructed wetlands treating swine wastewater were measured with closed-chamber technique using a photoacoustic multigas analyzer. Theory behind the technique was discussed and the technique was demonstrated with actual field data. Nitrous oxide emission was negligible for all three constructed wetlands. Methane readings were not reliable due to the interference caused by the moisture and other short hydrocarbons in the PVC chamber headspace. Ammonia volatilization rates of different sections varied from 0.64 to 1.6 kg-N/ha/d, which compared well with the values obtained from previous wind tunnel studies. Carbon dioxide emission rates varied from 10.9 to 56.9 g/m2/d.