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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Effect of Variability of Soil Properties As a Function of Depth on Pesticide Sorption-Desorption

Authors
item Clay, Sharon - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIV
item Koskinen, William

Submitted to: American Chemical Society Symposium Series
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: June 28, 2001
Publication Date: February 1, 2003
Citation: CLAY, S.A., KOSKINEN, W.C. EFFECT OF VARIABILITY OF SOIL PROPERTIES AS A FUNCTION OF DEPTH ON PESTICIDE SORPTION-DESORPTION. ARTHUR, E.A., CLAY, V.E. AND BAREFOOT, A., EDITORS. TERRESTRIAL FIELD DISSIPATION STUDIES: PURPOSE, DESIGN AND INTERPRETATION. AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM SERIES 842. AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, DC. 2003. P. 102-116.

Technical Abstract: Sorption-desorption is arguably the most important process affecting the transport of pesticides through soil since it controls that amount of chemical available for transport. Sorption is usually characterized by determining sorption coefficients on surface soils. Sorption coefficients are then used in solute transport models. A significant limitation in using sorption coefficients to predict pesticide transport is the spatial variability of surface soil properties over large fields. Another limitation is the spatial variability of soil properties in the soil profile. The effect of changes in soil properties with depth on sorption- desorption of different classes of pesticides, i.e. atrazine, alachlor, sulfometuron methyl, tebuthiuron, and imidacloprid was determined. Results indicate that correlations between pesticide sorption-desorption and soil properties of surface soils cannot necessarily be used to characterize pesticide sorption-desorption in subsurface soils.

Last Modified: 11/23/2014