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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENHANCING QUALITY, UTILITY, SUSTAINABILITY, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF COTTON AND ITS BYPRODUCTS THROUGH IMPROVEMENT IN HARVEST/GIN PROCESSING

Location: Cotton Ginning Research

Title: Mote trash system PM2.5 emission factors and rates for cotton gins

Authors
item Buser, Michael -
item WHITELOCK, DEREK
item Boykin Jr, James
item HOLT, GREGORY

Submitted to: World Wide Web
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: January 28, 2013
Publication Date: January 28, 2013
Citation: Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., Boykin Jr, J.C., Holt, G.A. 2013. Mote trash system PM2.5 emission factors and rates for cotton gins. National Cotton Gin Technical Reports. Report #OSU12-58. Available: http://buser.bioen.okstate.edu/air-quality/national-cotton-gin-technical-reports.

Technical Abstract: This manuscript is part of a series of manuscripts that detail a project to characterize cotton gin emissions from the standpoint of stack and ambient sampling. The impetus behind the project was the 2006 EPA implementation of a more stringent standard for particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) and the fact that there was very little available cotton gin PM2.5 emissions data. The objective for this study was the development of PM2.5 emission factors for cotton gin mote trash systems based on the EPA-approved stack sampling methodology, Other Test Method 27. The project plan included sampling seven cotton gins across the Cotton Belt. Key factors for selecting specific cotton gins included: 1) facility location (geographically diverse), 2) industry representative production capacity, 3) typical processing systems, and 4) equipped with properly designed and maintained 1D3D cyclones. Two of the seven gins had mote trash systems that the exhaust airstreams were not combined with other major systems. In terms of capacity, the two gins were typical of the industry, averaging 25.1 bales/hr during testing. Average measured PM2.5 emission factor based on the two tests (6 total test runs) was 0.001 kg/bale (0.002 lb/bale). The project emission factors for PM10 and total particulate were 0.009 kg/bale (0.021 lb/bale) and 0.017 kg/bale (0.038 lb/bale), respectively. The PM2.5 emission rate from test averages ranged from 0.02 to 0.03 kg/hr (0.05 to 0.07 lb/hr). The ratios of PM2.5 to total particulate, PM2.5 to PM10, and PM10 to total particulate were 6.4, 11.7, and 54.5%, respectively.

Last Modified: 9/29/2014
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