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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF BARLEY Title: Association mapping of Russian Wheat Aphid Resistance in barley as a method to identify diversity in the National Small Grains Collection

Authors
item Dahleen, Lynn
item Bregitzer, Phil
item Mornhinweg, Dolores
item Jackson, Eric

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 10, 2012
Publication Date: June 10, 2012
Citation: Dahleen, L.S., Bregitzer, P.P., Mornhinweg, D.W., Jackson, E.W. 2012. Association mapping of Russian Wheat Aphid Resistance in barley as a method to identify diversity in the National Small Grains Collection. 22nd International Triticeae Mapping Initiative Workshop, June 25-29, 2012, Fargo, ND. Abstract #42, Page 36.

Technical Abstract: Russian wheat aphid (RWA) infestations of barley cause chlorotic leaf spotting and streaking, and prevent unrolling of leaves which traps spikes and reduces grain yield. Resistant accessions identified in the NSGC were used to develop adapted, resistant germplasm and cultivars. This study identified loci affecting RWA resistance and diversity in the NSGC using association mapping. Resistant and susceptible accessions, breeding lines, and cultivars were genotyped with DArT markers and phenotyped for RWA responses. A core set of nine markers explained 83% of the variation for chlorosis. Most resistant and susceptible accessions had opposite genotypes at each of these markers. The six susceptible adapted cultivars were exceptions and shared the haplotype of the resistant accessions. Variability at four additional loci associated with resistance did not sufficiently explain phenotypic variability between resistant accessions and susceptible cultivars. Examining subsets of the data identified six additional markers associated with RWA response, which discriminated between resistant accessions and susceptible cultivars. Additional investigation is necessary to better understand the genetics of RWA resistance. However, this study provided useful information on diversity in the NSGC, and suggested that RWA resistance is a complex trait that may share physiological components with other characteristics that were selected during domestication.

Last Modified: 10/20/2014
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