Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 27, 2010
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The last survey of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum in the U.S. was conducted in 1985. Since that time, race 4, previously thought to occur only in Asia, appeared in California in 2001, causing significant problems for the San Joaquin Valley cotton industry. Also, the presence of race 8 has been confirmed in California, Arkansas, Louisiana, Georgia, and Missouri, and race 3 was found in California and Louisiana. In addition to new distributions of known races, four novel genotypes of the pathogen were recently reported from a small sample of isolates collected from Arkansas and Georgia. These developments point to the need for a current and comprehensive survey of the Fusarium wilt pathogen. A multi-state collaboration was initiated to characterize the F. oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum population in the United States. A progress report is presented on the characterization of over forty isolates from Texas and southeastern states using the translation elongation factor gene.