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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: HIGHER DIPTERA PESTS OF LIVESTOCK, POULTRY, AND HUMAN HEALTH: INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT AND ADULT BIOLOGY

Location: Mosquito and Fly Research Unit

Title: Attraction of Stomoxys sp. to various flowers and fruits in Mali.

Authors
item Mueller, Guenter -
item Hogsette, Jerome
item Beier, John -
item Traore, Sekou -
item Toure, Mahamadou -
item Traore, Mohamed -
item Bah, Sekou -
item Doumbia, Seydou -
item Schlein, Yosef -

Submitted to: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 20, 2011
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: The stable fly is a blood feeding livestock pest that is known to use plant sugars. Sugar sources and the extent of its sugar dependency are not known. In a study in Mali, flies were attracted to 5 fruits and 8 flowers and there was a high prevalence of sugar feeding at field sites. Sugar feeding activity throughout the day is as frequent as blood feeding activity. Odors from attractive plants could be used to improve the attractants in stable fly traps.

Technical Abstract: The stable fly is a notorious blood feeding pest of livestock that is known to use sugars from plant sources. The sugar sources and the extent of its sugar dependency are not known. Therefore, USDA-CMAVE scientists worked cooperatively with scientists from Israel and Mali to evaluate stable fly feeding on flowers and fruits in Mali. Flies were attracted to 5 fruits and 8 flowers and there was a high prevalence of sugar feeding at field sites. Sugar feeding activity throughout the day is as frequent as blood feeding activity. Odors from attractive plants could be used to improve the attractants in stable fly traps.

Last Modified: 4/19/2014