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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ASSESSING CLIMATE, SOIL AND LANDSCAPE PROCESSES AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEMS Title: Wheat Straw Composition and Spectral Reflectance Changes during Decomposition

Authors
item Daughtry, Craig
item Serbin, Guy -
item Reeves Iii, James
item Doraiswamy, Paul
item Hunt, Earle

Submitted to: IEEE IGARSS Annual Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 15, 2009
Publication Date: August 26, 2009
Citation: Daughtry, C.S., Serbin, G., Reeves, J.B., Doraiswamy, P.C., Hunt, E.R. 2009. Wheat straw composition and spectral reflectance changes during decomposition. In: Proceedings of the IEEE First Workshop on Hyperspectral Image and Signal Processing, Evolution in Remote Sensing, August 25-28, 2009, Grenoble, France. CFP0948H-DVD.

Technical Abstract: Quantification of crop residue cover is required to assess the extent of conservation tillage. Our objectives were to measure the changes in wheat straw composition and spectral reflectance during decomposition and to assess impact of these changes on remotely sensed estimates of residue cover. Mesh bags filled with wheat straw were placed on the soil surface and removed at intervals over 22 months. The relative proportions of cellulose and hemicellulose in the straw declined while lignin increased. Reflectance spectra of wheat straw and two soils were measured over 350-2500 nm region. Absorption features in the reflectance spectra associated with cellulose diminished as the straw decomposed. The Cellulose Absorption Index (CAI) was a robust estimator of crop residue cover. Advanced multi-spectral sensors with multiple relatively narrow shortwave infrared bands or hyperspectral sensors are needed to assess crop residue cover reliably over diverse agricultural landscapes.

Last Modified: 7/24/2014
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