SUSTAINABLE CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR THE NORTHEAST
Location: New England Plant, Soil and Water Research Laboratory
Title: Identifying Constraints to Potato System Sustainability: Soils
Submitted to: Potato Association of America Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 26, 2008
Publication Date: August 10, 2008
Citation: Honeycutt, C.W., Griffin, T.S., He, Z., Larkin, R.P., Olanya, O.M., Halloran, J.M. 2008. Identifying Constraints to Potato System Sustainability: Soils. Potato Association of America Proceedings. CD-ROM.
Potato yield in the Northeast U.S. has remained constant for over 50 years, despite increased inputs of pesticides, nutrients, and water. We established Status Quo, Soil Conserving, Soil Improving, and Disease Suppressive cropping systems under both irrigated and rainfed management to identify and quantify constraints to potato system sustainability. Each system was evaluated by our interdisciplinary team for plant growth and productivity, soil chemical-physical-biological properties, tuber diseases, soilborne diseases, foliar diseases, economics, and their interactions. The Soil Improving System resulted in increased soil aggregate stability, lower soil bulk density, and lower resistance to penetration. Under rainfed management, highest Leaf Area Index (LAI) was obtained in the Soil Improving System, and lowest LAI was observed in the Status Quo Continuous Potato System in 2006 and 2007. Similarly, highest Leaf Area Duration was found in the Soil Improving System. These results indicate that management practices focused on improving the soil resulted in potato plant canopies with greater and longer lasting photosynthetic potential. This translated into higher yield, where the Soil Improving System under rainfed management increased potato yield by 23% in 2006, and 51% in 2007. These results show that management practices to improve soils can significantly increase potato yield and can serve as a substitute to supplemental irrigation in the cool, humid Northeast.