Submitted to: World Veterinary Congress
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: April 10, 2007
Publication Date: April 10, 2007
Citation: Fadly, A.M. 2007. Retroviral infections of poultry: a review. Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress of the Russian Veterinary Poultry Association, April 10-13, 2007, Moscow, Russia. p. 100-106. Technical Abstract: Avian leukosis virus (ALV) and reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) are the most common naturally occurring retroviruses associated with neoplastic diseases in domesticated poultry (16,48). In addition to causing tumors and other production problems, both ALV and REV are potential contaminants of live-virus vaccines of poultry. ALV infection of chickens is widespread and known to be of significant economic importance; economic losses due to ALV-induced tumors and reduced productivity are estimated to be in millions of U.S. dollars each year. This review is aimed at the discussion of immunopathogenesis, diagnosis and control of retroviral infections, namely avian leukosis and reticuloendotheliosis in poultry.