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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHARACTERIZATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF IMMUNE RESPONSES OF CALVES Title: Plane of nutrition affects plasma ghrelin concentrations in neonatal calves

Authors
item Bohan, Michelle - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Foote, Monica - UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI
item Nonnecke, Brian
item Beitz, Donald - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Electronic Publication
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: January 10, 2007
Publication Date: February 7, 2007
Repository URL: http://www.ans.iastate.edu/report/air/2007pdf/R2199.pdf
Citation: Bohan, M., Foote, M., Nonnecke, B.J., Beitz, D. Plane of nutrition affects plasma ghrelin concentrations in neonatal calves. Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 2007. Available: http://www.ans.iastate.edu/report/air/2007pdf/R2199.pdf.

Technical Abstract: Investigating different planes of nutrition on appetite-related hormones could provide knowledge into the role of these hormones on growth performance in neonatal calves. The objective of the current study was to investigate the effects of feeding rates on ghrelin in plasma from preruminant calves. Treatments (n = 8 per treatment) were designed to achieve three targeted daily rates of gain (No Growth = 0.0 kg, Low Growth = 0.55 kg, or High Growth = 1.2 kg) in live weight over a 7-wk period. All calves were fed a 30% crude protein, 20% fat, all-milk protein milk replacer reconstituted to 14% dry matter. Daily growth rates for No, Low, and High Growth calves were different (P < 0.001) throughout the experimental period and averaged 0.11 +/= 0.02 kg, 0.58 +/= 0.02 and 1.16 +/= 0.04 kg, respectively. Fasting ghrelin active concentration was higher (P < 0.0001) in the No Growth calves over the 7-wk period in comparison to the Low and High growth calves. Circulating concentrations of ghrelin in neonates fed different planes are similar to responses of adult humans to feed intake. These results indicate an inverse relationship of ghrelin active concentration with respect to plane of nutrition and growth rate in neonates.

Last Modified: 7/31/2014
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