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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Stability of Urinary Metabolites of Strawberry Anthocyanins

Authors
item Carkeet, Colleen
item Clevidence, Beverly
item Novotny, Janet

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 10, 2006
Publication Date: April 1, 2006
Citation: Carkeet, C., Clevidence, B.A., Novotny Dura, J. 2006. Stability of urinary metabolites of strawberry anthocyanins. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference.

Technical Abstract: The stability of urinary metabolites of strawberry anthocyanins was investigated. Healthy adult volunteers consumed 200g of pureed strawberries as a bolus dose and urine was collected and pooled. Urine was acidified with 1/5 the volume of 0.44M TFA, and malvidin-3-galactose was added as an internal standard. Urine was separated into two fractions, one for immediate prep and analysis and one frozen at -80 degrees C for 48 hrs before work-up. Sample prep consisted of solid phase (C18) extraction to isolate and concentrate the anthocyanins. Anthocyanin metabolites were then separated and detected on an Agilent 1100 HPLC equipped with a diode array detector and a reverse-phase column. The impact of freezing on anthocyanin metabolite profiles was evaluated and results indicated that freezing had no effect on the peak areas of the four anthocyanin metabolites detected. An additional experiment followed the change in these metabolite profiles at hourly intervals as the samples remained on a cooled, 10 degrees C autosampler for 18 hours. These results suggest that three metabolites degrade over time while one peak area increased over time, indicating it may be a degradation product of the other metabolites. A final experiment investigated the effect of autosampler temperature (10, 20, and 30 degrees C) on the metabolite profiles and revealed a positive correlation between degradation rate and autosampler temperature. Identification of the four metabolites is underway.

Last Modified: 7/22/2014