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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Regulation of Aba Biosynthesis During Potato Tuber Dormancy: Molecular Characterization of a Putative Potato Aba2 Gene.

Authors
item Destefano Beltran, Luis
item Suttle, Jeffrey

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 5, 2004
Publication Date: July 15, 2004
Citation: Destefano Beltran, L.J., Suttle, J.C. 2004. Regulation of aba biosynthesis during potato tuber dormancy: molecular characterization of a putative potato ABA2 gene [abstract]. 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists. p. 123. Abstract No. 481.

Technical Abstract: At harvest and for an indeterminate period thereafter, potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers will not sprout and are physiologically dormant. A complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors affects the length of this dormant stage. As the period of postharvest storage is extended, tuber dormancy is eventually broken and sprout growth commences. Uncontrolled sprouting is detrimental to both the nutritional and processing qualities of stored potatoes. Endogenous hormones haven been hypothesized to play an important role in tuber dormancy regulation. As currently envisioned, both ABA and ethylene are required for the induction of tuber dormancy but only the sustained synthesis and action of ABA are needed to maintain bud dormancy. The molecular mechanisms regulating ABA synthesis and accumulation in potato tubers are unknown. As part of an on-going effort to determine the roles of ABA biosynthetic genes during the potato tuber dormancy, we have begun the molecular characterization of the potato ABA2 gene that encodes a short-chain (xanthoxal) dehydrogenase enzyme catalyzing the penultimate step in ABA biosynthesis. Primers based on a tentative consensus sequence from tomato with a high homology to the ABA2/GIN1 gene from Arabidopsis were used to obtain a full-length StABA2 cDNA clone from a Russet Burbank potato cell suspension mRNA preparation. Here we present a detailed analysis of the expression of this gene during potato tuber dormancy progression.

Last Modified: 7/30/2014
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