Submitted to: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Ectoparasites of Pets
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: April 10, 2003
Publication Date: April 10, 2003
Citation: Kline, D.L. 2003. Attractants and attractant inhibitors for utilization in "lure-kill" and "push-pull" mosquito management strategies. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Ectoparasites of Pets. Interpretive Summary: Abstract Only.
Technical Abstract: Efforts to identify, isolate and utilize host seeking, nectar-feeding and oviposition attractants and attractant-inhibitors will be discussed. Most of the research has emphasized host-seeking related compounds. Recent studies have found several compounds (or groups thereof) isolated from human skin emanations that are attractive to host-seeking female Aedes aegypti. These studies have generally employed gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) techniques to isolate compounds from emanations of human skin collected from glass beads or as volatiles in tedlar bags. Over 300 compounds have been identified. Candidate compounds were exposed to host seeking mosquitoes in a dual port olfactometer. Several compounds were found to be attractive. Blending several compounds enhanced attraction. The olfactometer testing also revealed the presence of some compounds classified as attractant inhibitors. Field tests of both classes of compounds are in progress. Field tests with octenol and its analogues are also underway. The ultimate goal is to use these compounds in "lure and kill" or "push-pull" mosquito management strategies.